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Tamil Wedding Traditions

October 31, 2017
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Tamil wedding is also known as Kalyanam. The traditions and practices have their base in the Vedas. But along with traditionalism, there is also trendiness in these weddings. But no compromises are made with the rituals which are followed diligently. It should be noted that Tamil weddings are not performed in the months of Aashad, Bhadrapad, and Shunya of the Tamil calendar year. Here are the Tamil wedding rituals:

Nakshatra Porutham :

This involves the matching of horoscopes of the girl and the boy and it is very important. Also based on the horoscope the date of marriage, muhurtam and many other details about the impending marriage are decided.

Marriage Agreement :

Once the marriage is fixed the priest will prepare the marriage agreement. Both the families will meet at the groom house. The marriage agreement is placed on a plate which has a banana, betel nuts, and betel leaves. The marriage agreement is exchanged between the two families. Both the sides will also give gifts to each other.

Panda Kaal Muhurtham :

Here both the families will visit the temple or perform a pooja at their home. The basic aim of this ritual is to make sure that the families get the blessings of God and the marriage takes place without any obstacles.

Sumangali Prarthanai :

In this case, 5 to 7 married women are invited to bride’s house. They arrive wearing Madisar sarees. A special pooja is performed. The bride will then take blessings of these sumangali. These married women are then given a special lunch and gifts like sarees and jewelry.

Pallikal Thellichal :

Special rangoli called kolam is used to decorate the house. Married women will 9 taken earthen pots and will put vermilion and sandalwood paste on it. Inside each pot, nine types of grains along curd are put. This is known as navdhanyam.

Vrutham :

This ceremony takes place one day before the wedding. At the groom’s place, the groom will take the blessing of his. father and a thread smeared with turmeric are tied on the groom’s wrist. This ceremony signifies the journey of the groom from brahmacharya to Garhasthaya Jeevan. A yellow thread is also tied on the wrist of the bride.

Naandi Shraddham :

One day before the wedding the groom and his family are invited to the bride’s home. The groom is welcomed with rose water shower and sandalwood tilak is applied to his forehead by the bride’s family. The groom’s family is offered coconut, betel nut, fruits and sweets and several other delicacies. Then 10 brahmins will perform a pooja for the departed souls of the family. The priest is then given a traditional Tamil lunch. The Brahmins will then bless the couple.

Nishchayathram :

This is Tamil engagement ceremony. Here the groom’s family will come to the bride’s house and give her saree and jewelry. Married women will give the bride fruits, rice, coconut, betel nut leaves etc. A flower garland is placed around the waist of the bride. The bride’s arti is done. Even the groom is given new clothes by the bride’s family.

Lagna Pathirika :

The priest will check both the horoscopes and decide on the wedding date. A formal announcement about the same is made between close relatives of both sides. A formal draft of the Lagna Patrika is prepared and the gifts are exchanged between both the families.

The attire :

The groom is normally dressed in Veshti and Angavastram and the bride will wear kanjivaram silk sarees. She will also wear lots of jewelry. A jewel called Jadainagam which is in the shape of a cobra is placed in her plaits and around the waist, she will wear Oddiyanam.

Mangalasnanam :

Once the marriage is fixed the priest will prepare the marriage agreement. Both the families will meet at the groom house. The marriage agreement is placed on a plate which has a banana, betel nuts, and betel leaves. The marriage agreement is exchanged between the two families. Both the sides will also give gifts to each other.

Gauri Puja :

Once the bride is ready in her wedding attire she will pray to the silver idol of goddess Gauri for a happy married life. This idol is placed on rice.

Kashi Yathra :

Here the groom will take an umbrella and will act as if he is leaving to lead the life of a hermit. The bride’s father will stop him and will offer his daughter in marriage. The umbrella has to be kept with the groom throughout the ceremony.

Pada Puja :

The bride’s parents will wash the groom’s feet with water, milk, sandalwood, and kumkum.

MaalaiMaatral :

Here the bride and the groom exchange flower garlands in the wedding mandap.

Oonjal :

the couple is made to sit on a swing and the women will sing oonjal pattu songs. The couple is fed with milk and banana by elderly members of the family. Married women will carry colored rice ball around the couple and throw it in four directions to ward off evil. Elderly women will carry earthen pot filled with water around the couple.

Kanyadanam :

The edges of the attire of the couple are tied. The groom is made to sit in the mandap and his feet are washed by the girl’s parents. The bride will then sit in her father’s lap and the father will place his daughter’s hand and a coconut in the groom’s hand and the bride’s mother will pour holy water on this.

Muhurtham :

The bride is then given a saree by her in-laws. She has to change into this saree. A grass ring and the yolk of a plough is placed on her head. The groom will tie thaali or mangalsutra and apply vermilion to the bride.

Saptapadi :

The couple will go around the sacred fire seven times and will take the wedding vows.

Sammandhi Maryathai :

The bride will bid an emotional goodbye to her parents and will go to her new house. Gifts are given by both the families to each other. These are some of the main rituals of the Tamil wedding.

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