Tripura is a land of diversified ethnolinguistic tribes which has made it more colorful and unique. With a touch of Bengali and different other cultures, Tripura has enriched its glory. Tripura weddings are simple but are enjoyed at fullest. Music, the food, the rituals and everything in a Tripura wedding is simply exciting!In between the chain of glorious mountains, the beautiful state of Tripura is known for its uniqueness and uncomplicated marriage system. The marriages performed in Tripura are known as ‘Hamjwk Tubui Kaimani’. This marriage system has a set of rituals and robust rules which are followed during the wedding.
Let us make you familiar with the distinctive and beautiful rituals of a Tripura wedding:
Match matching in Tripura weddings is done by a marriage broker or priest known as ‘Ribai’. He is the person who matches the horoscopes and finds the better match for the bride or groom. The groom’s family along with ‘Ribai’ takes a trip to the girl’s home for choosing the bride. If any obstacles like witnessing a corpse or hearing the voice of deer are considered as irreverent and thus, the visit is delayed.
Fixing the wedding date (koksungma)
Once the bride has chosen, the marriage date is fixed in the presence of the family members of both parties and the priest. On this day, the groom’s family visits the bride’s home while the bride’s father asks for dowry. In dowry, they ask for money, jewelry and valuables. When dowry is decided, the marriage date is fixed.During this occasion, the family of bride and groom sit with each other and consume rice beer. The room is lit with oil lamps and some copper coins, cotton, sesame seeds, long grass is presented in between the family. The bride comes forward and bows downs to the family members. Everyone blesses the bride while offering money and jewelry. The ritual of koksungma ends with the bride washing the hands of her parents and other family members.
This is an interesting ritual where the bride and groom whistle like an eagle. Before the wedding day, the bride chops some betel leaves and nuts in the honor of the couple. The bride and groom make the noise of an eagle. The bride whistles 3 times while the groom whistles 7 times.
The Wedding Day
On the wedding day, ‘Lampra Wathop’ and ‘Tuisangramma’ their deities are worshipped. The groom’s family will depart for the bride’s home while dancing singing and having fun. The baraat in Tripura marriages is known as ’Khum Phunugo’. The groom arrives at the bride’s home and bride’s family welcomes them. The mother of the bride is not permitted to witness the wedding rituals. The wedding rituals take place along with musical instruments playing in the background.
The bride and groom are taken to different rooms when the wedding rituals are done. This is a ritual where the bride and groom have to bath after the completion of the wedding ceremony. The bride gets the bath from ‘Ayajuk’ and then again takes bath on her own. After the bathing session, bridegroom takes a round of village in a palanquin. This ritual is known as Gojofirogo.
These are the beautiful and distinctive rituals of Tripura weddings which you can find nowhere! The richness and simplicity of these marriages simply make them more admirable!
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